The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination in the US based on race, colour, religion, sex or national origin. It also outlawed segregation, keeping races separate, at schools, public places and most businesses. It, and the Voting Rights Act a year later, overthrew Jim Crow.
School busing and affirmative action grew out of it as policies designed to meet its demands
It was one of the main civil rights reforms of the 1960s:
- 1964: Civil Rights Act
- 1965: Voting Rights Act
- 1965: Immigration and Nationality Act
- 1967: Loving v Virginia – overturned laws against mixed-race marriage.
- 1968: Fair Housing Act
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