White American racism against Blacks: 1600s


By the 1610s the plantation system in Virginia was in place – before Blacks arrived in numbers. Whites grew tobacco and other crops using forced gang labour.


Working conditions:

  • pay: little to nothing
  • housing: separate, substandard
  • food: poor.
  • punishment: whippings, maiming
  • term of service: generally four to seven years.


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